COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated existing inequalities, aggravated shortcomings in social, political and economic systems, and deepened the impact of the epidemic (Headquarters, 2020). Since the spread of COVID-19, data and reports received have shown that all forms of violence against women and girls, especially domestic violence, are increased. This is the Shadow Pandemic growing in the midst of the COVID-19 crisis (UN, 2020), and the place of women in working life and in a society rooted in the national mentality is significant in understanding the Shadow Pandemic.
In developing countries, 70% of women’s employment is included into the informal economy (Headquarters, 2020). Such a high level of informality undermines the policies of states aimed at reducing the economic impact of the pandemic, blocking layoffs and the like during the current period. As a result, in a number of countries, the first cases of layoffs are observed in the sphere of services, especially, in the retail and tourism sectors, where female workers predominate (Headquarters, 2020).